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Doumet-Serhal, Claude 2008a







Doumet-Serhal, Claude 2008a


Doumet-Serhal, Claude


Networking Patterns of the Bronze and Iron Age Levant. The Lebanon and Its Mediterranean Connection. On the Occasion of the Symposium "Interconnections in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Lebanon in the Bronze and Iron Ages", 4−9 November 2008, Beirut



Archaeology & History in the Lebanon

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Zeitschrift Band







Sidon; Tyrus; Phönizien


A special edition of the Archaeology and History in the Lebanon series was published at the occasion of the symposium "Interconnections in the Eastern Mediterranean. The Lebanon in the Bronze and Iron Ages "(4-9 November 2008, Beirut). Edited by Claude Doumet-Serhal in collaboration with Anne Rabate and Andrea Resek in memory of Nicolas Coldstream, this publication bundles a series of articles focusing on the Mediterranean connections of Lebanon's prime archaeological sites. "The Kingdom of Sidon and its Mediterranean connections" (pp.1-70) offers a panoramic survey of the British Museum excavations at the so-called "College Site" led by Claude Doumet, also including research results by her colleagues Vassos Karageorghis, Henri Loffet and Nicolas Coldstream, not to mention a generous treat of colour photographs from the archives of the late Roger Saidah, a Lebanese pioneer of field work in southern Phoenicia. Readers will not only appreciate the pertinent choice of objects from Sidon, but also the richly illustrated references to comparable evidence from neighbouring sites in Sidon's sphere of influence on the coast and the Hinterland alike. Sidon's fate was historically intertwined with that of the metropolis of Tyre to the south; the excavators Maria-Eugenia Aubet and Francisco J. Nuñez focus their attention on the "Cypriot Imports from the Phoenician Cemetery of Tyre-al Bass" in the volume's second contribution (pp.71-104). Students of Cypriote ceramics are offered new insights on chronological issues (the beginning of the Cypro-Archaic I period), whilst specialists of Levantine archaeology will no doubt appreciate the authors' stimulating interpretation of the Cypriot ceramic evidence in the light of the local social, commercial and ritual background. Marlies Heinz leads her readership to inland Lebanon in her contribution "Kamed el-loz : the Levant, Inner Syria and Mesopotamia" (pp.105-120). Far from being a mere summary of what is already known about this key site of the Beqaa, the scope, circulation modes and status of the differing goods excavated to date are discussed as evidence for Kumudi's external relations in the Bronze and Iron Ages. Jean Paul Thalmann's methodological excavations at Tell Arqa have put the Akkar plains on the archaeological map and in the contribution " Arqa during the Bronze Age : Connections with the West", (pp. 121-166), Hanan Charaf illustrates on the basis of the Western imports how much data are still to be derived of the massive information yielded by this site. Cypriot wares are scrutinized in an exemplary way from the MB II B to the IAI periods and many an excavator will appreciate her efforts using both profile drawings and colour photographs of the shards discussed (also including Mycenaean and HMBW-Hand Made Burnished Ware - " Barbarian Ware"). In addition to this wealth of information, the volume on hand also features an article by the late Nicolas Coldstream under the self explanatory title "Early Greek exports to Phoenicia and the East Mediterranean" (pp. 107-188), once again lavishly illustrated by full colour photographs of the ceramics discussed thanks to the sponsorship of Mrs. Randa Ghassan Ghandour to whom we extend our appreciation. Finally, Vassos Karageorghis signs the only French contribution "Les Phéniciens à Chypre" (pp.189-214), introduced by a presentation of "Dark Age" material attesting Phoenician presence on the island. Pursuing his review the impact the Phoenicians left on locally produced artefacts well into the Persian period, his article is the last to illustrate the networking skills of the people behind the pots this compilation pays tribute to. A general index (p. 215-218) renders cross references easy all the while representing yet another argument to purchase this book.